China Standard Customized Plastic Mould Machine Components Plastic CZPT Injection Tool gear ratio calculator

Product Description

Customized Plastic Mould Machine Components Plastic CHINAMFG Injection Tool Plastic Injection Molding Plastic Mold Design Mold Development Mold Processing Mold Injection
Plastic Injection Molds Parts Service
HangZhou CHINAMFG offers more injection molds parts design and manufacturing service, we have more 10+ experience in injection molds field. All of projects we will put them from DFM to PFM working flow to ensure products quality, from molds design, mold flow analysis, per-mold machining review a series of testing reports to make sure mold production running smoothly. We are proud of our mold producing flowing, product quality guarantee, delivery on time and we have professional engineer team to support your projects, make it so easy, make you so comfortable.
Plastic Mold Design Xihu (West Lake) Dis.lines
Size
The maximum part outline that can be molded is approximately 18.9 in. (480mm) by 29.6 in. (751mm) or roughly equivalent to 175 sq. in. (1,129 sq. cm.). A maximum part volume of approximately 59 cu. in. Depth up to 4 in. (101mm) from the parting line with 3 degrees of draft, or up to 8 in. (202mm) total if the parting line can pass through the middle of the part, inside and outside. Deeper parts are limited to a smaller outline.
Draft
A taper applied to the faces of the part that prevent them from being parallel to the motion of the mold opening is called draft. This keeps the part from being damaged due to scraping as the part is ejected out of the mold. Recommended draft:
0.5 degrees on all vertical faces is strongly advised.
2 degrees works very well in most situations.
3 degrees is minimum for a shutoff (metal sliding on metal).
3 degrees is required for light texture (PM-T1).
5 or more degrees is required for heavy texture (PM-T2).
Tolerances
Typically, Proto Labs can maintain a machining tolerance of ±.003 in. (0.08mm) with an included resin tolerance that can be greater than but no less than ±.002 in./in. (0.002mm/mm).
Wall thickness
With injection-molded parts, observing proper (and uniform) wall thickness helps parts avoid potential issues such as sink marks and warpage. Recommended thicknesses vary by material:

Resin Inches
ABS 0.045 – 0.140
Acetal 0.030 – 0.120
Acrylic 0.571 – 0.500
Liquid crystal polymer 0.030 – 0.120
Long-fiber reinforced plastics 0.075 – 1.000
Nylon 0.030 – 0.115
Polycarbonate 0.040 – 0.150
Polyester 0.571 – 0.125
Polyethylene 0.030 – 0.200
Polyphenylene sulfide 0.571 – 0.180
Polypropylene 0.571 – 0.150
Polystyrene 0.035 – 0.150
Polyurethane 0.080 – 0.750

Surface finish
A number of standard finishes are available for injection-molded parts at Proto Labs. Our current finishes include non-cosmetic, low-cosmetic and EDM finishes; bead-blast texturing; and high-end mold polishing.
Standard finishes (from least to most costly):

PM-F0: Non-cosmetic: finish to Protomold discretion
PM-F1: Low-cosmetic: most toolmarks removed
PM-F2: Non-cosmetic: Protomold discretion, EDM finish and/or toolmarks permissible
SPI-C1: 600 CHINAMFG stone, 10-12 Ra
PM-T1: Protomold texture, SPI-C1 followed by light bead blast
PM-T2: Protomold texture, SPI-C1 followed by medium bead blast
SPI-B1: 600 CHINAMFG paper, 2-3 Ra
SPI-A2: Grade #2 CHINAMFG Buff, 1-2 Ra

*”PM” in the table signifies a surface finish adjusted to fit the quick-turn injection molding process, where SPI (The Society of the Plastics Industry) denotes an industry-standard finish.
Radii
Because Proto Labs employs an automated CNC milling process to make the mold for your parts, some part corners will end up with a radius rather than a sharp edge. This does not usually require a change to the model, but the designer is made aware of these radii before the mold is made.
Ejector pins
Proto Labs’ injection molding process uses ejector pins of various sizes to push the plastic part out of the mold after it has solidified. The sizes and arrangement of these pins are selected to minimize the impact on your part design. Ejector pins range in size from 0.063 in. (1.6mm) to 0.5 in. (12.7mm), with sizes larger than 0.063 in. (1.6mm) preferred.
Undercuts
Our molding process supports simple undercuts in your part geometry. Maximum side core dimensions:

Width Height Pull
≤ 8.419 in ≤ 2.377 in ≤ 2.900 in
≤ 213.84mm ≤60.38mm ≤73.66mm

Shaping Mode: Injection Mould
Surface Finish Process: Customized
Mould Cavity: Customized
Plastic Material: Customized
Process Combination Type: Customized
Application: Car, Household Appliances, Furniture, Commodity, Electronic, Home Use, Hardware
Samples:
US$ 10/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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plastic gear

What are the limitations of using plastic gears in industrial settings?

Using plastic gears in industrial settings has certain limitations. Here’s a detailed explanation of these limitations:

  • Lower Load Capacity: Plastic gears generally have lower load-bearing capacities compared to metal gears. They are more susceptible to deformation and wear under heavy loads or high torque conditions. This makes them less suitable for applications that require withstanding substantial forces or transmitting high power.
  • Temperature Sensitivity: Plastic gears have temperature limitations, and their performance can be affected by temperature variations. Some plastic materials may experience dimensional changes, loss of strength, or reduced stiffness at elevated temperatures. Additionally, high temperatures can accelerate wear and reduce the lifespan of plastic gears. Therefore, plastic gears may not be suitable for applications that involve high-temperature environments or extreme temperature fluctuations.
  • Environmental Sensitivity: Plastic gears can be sensitive to certain environmental conditions. Certain plastic materials may degrade or become brittle when exposed to specific chemicals, solvents, oils, or UV radiation. This restricts their use in applications where exposure to harsh chemicals, lubricants, or outdoor elements is common.
  • Wear and Abrasion: While plastic gears can offer good wear resistance, they are generally more prone to wear and abrasion compared to metal gears. Under heavy-load or high-speed conditions, the surface of plastic gears can wear down, leading to a decrease in performance and potential failure over time. Additional measures, such as incorporating reinforcements or using lubrication, may be necessary to mitigate wear in certain applications.
  • Dimensional Stability: Plastic materials can have lower dimensional stability compared to metals. They may experience creep, shrinkage, or expansion over time, which can affect the accuracy and reliability of gear operation, particularly in applications with tight tolerances or precise gear meshing requirements.
  • Impact Resistance: Plastic gears may have limited impact resistance compared to metal gears. They can be more susceptible to damage or fracture when subjected to sudden impact or shock loads. This makes them less suitable for applications with high impact or heavy-duty requirements.
  • Compatibility with Existing Systems: In some cases, replacing metal gears with plastic gears may require modifications to the existing system. Plastic gears may have different dimensions, mounting requirements, or gear ratios compared to metal gears, necessitating design changes or adaptations to accommodate the use of plastic gears.

Despite these limitations, plastic gears can still offer significant advantages in certain industrial settings, such as reduced weight, noise reduction, and cost-effectiveness. It’s crucial to carefully evaluate the specific application requirements and consider the trade-offs between the benefits and limitations of plastic gears when deciding whether they are suitable for a particular industrial setting.

plastic gear

What are the factors affecting the durability of plastic gears?

The durability of plastic gears can be influenced by various factors. Here’s a detailed explanation of these factors:

1. Material Selection: The choice of plastic material is a critical factor affecting the durability of plastic gears. Different plastic materials have varying mechanical properties, including strength, stiffness, impact resistance, and wear resistance. Selecting a material with suitable properties for the specific application is essential to ensure long-term durability.

2. Load and Stress: The magnitude and distribution of the applied load significantly impact the durability of plastic gears. Excessive loads or high stress concentrations can lead to deformation, fatigue, or even failure of the gear teeth. Proper consideration of the anticipated loads and stress distribution is crucial during the design phase to ensure that the gears can withstand the expected operating conditions.

3. Operating Speed: The rotational speed at which the plastic gears operate can affect their durability. Higher speeds can generate more heat due to friction, potentially leading to thermal degradation or wear. The material selection and design should account for the anticipated operating speeds to ensure that the gears can withstand the associated stresses and temperature rise without compromising their durability.

4. Lubrication: Proper lubrication is vital for reducing friction, minimizing wear, and enhancing the durability of plastic gears. Insufficient or improper lubrication can result in increased friction, leading to accelerated wear and potential gear failure. The selection of suitable lubricants and appropriate lubrication methods is essential to ensure optimal performance and durability.

5. Environmental Conditions: The environmental conditions in which plastic gears operate can impact their durability. Factors such as temperature extremes, humidity, exposure to chemicals or UV radiation, and presence of abrasive particles can degrade the plastic material over time. It’s important to consider the anticipated environmental conditions and select a plastic material that offers sufficient resistance to these factors.

6. Gear Design: The design of plastic gears can greatly influence their durability. Factors such as tooth profile, gear geometry, clearances, and load distribution should be optimized to minimize stress concentrations, prevent excessive wear, and ensure even load distribution across the gear teeth. Proper design considerations, including appropriate fillets, reinforcements, and tooth profiles, can improve the durability of plastic gears.

7. Manufacturing Quality: The quality of the manufacturing process and the precision of the gear manufacturing can impact its durability. Inadequate manufacturing processes or poor quality control can result in dimensional inaccuracies, surface defects, or material inconsistencies that can compromise the gear’s durability. Ensuring high-quality manufacturing practices and inspections is essential to maintain the durability of plastic gears.

8. Maintenance and Service Life: The maintenance practices and service life of plastic gears can affect their durability. Regular inspection, proper lubrication, and timely replacement of worn or damaged gears can help extend their lifespan. Neglecting maintenance or operating gears beyond their intended service life can lead to accelerated wear and reduced durability.

By considering these factors, such as material selection, load and stress, operating speed, lubrication, environmental conditions, gear design, manufacturing quality, and maintenance practices, it’s possible to optimize the durability of plastic gears and ensure their long-term performance.

plastic gear

Can plastic gears replace metal gears in certain applications?

Yes, plastic gears can replace metal gears in certain applications. Here’s a detailed explanation:

Plastic gears offer a range of advantages that make them suitable alternatives to metal gears in specific scenarios. Some of the factors that determine whether plastic gears can replace metal gears include the application requirements, operating conditions, load capacity, and desired performance characteristics.

Advantages of Plastic Gears:

  • Lightweight: Plastic gears are significantly lighter than metal gears, making them suitable for applications where weight reduction is important. This can lead to energy efficiency, reduced inertia, and lower wear on supporting components.
  • Low Noise and Vibration: Plastic gears have inherent damping properties that help reduce noise and vibration levels during operation. This makes them suitable for applications where noise reduction is desired, such as in consumer electronics or office equipment.
  • Corrosion Resistance: Certain plastic materials used in gear manufacturing exhibit excellent resistance to corrosion and chemicals. Plastic gears can be a suitable choice for applications in corrosive environments where metal gears may suffer from degradation.
  • Self-Lubrication: Some plastic materials used for gear manufacturing have self-lubricating properties. This reduces friction and wear between gear teeth, eliminating the need for external lubrication and simplifying maintenance requirements.
  • Cost-Effective: Plastic gears can be more cost-effective compared to metal gears, especially in large-scale production. Plastic materials are often less expensive than metals, and the manufacturing processes for plastic gears can be more efficient.
  • Design Flexibility: Plastic gears offer greater design flexibility compared to metal gears. They can be molded into complex shapes, allowing for custom gear profiles and tooth geometries, resulting in optimized performance and efficiency for specific applications.

Limitations of Plastic Gears:

  • High Torque and Load Capacity: Plastic gears may not have the same torque and load capacity as metal gears. In applications requiring high torque or heavy loads, metal gears may be more suitable due to their higher strength and durability.
  • High Temperatures: Plastic gears have temperature limitations depending on the chosen material. In applications with high operating temperatures, metal gears that can withstand the heat may be necessary.
  • Precision and Positioning: Plastic gears may not offer the same level of precision and positioning accuracy as metal gears. Applications that require tight tolerances and precise gear meshing may still require metal gears.

In summary, plastic gears can replace metal gears in certain applications where their advantages align with the specific requirements and operating conditions. It’s crucial to carefully evaluate the application needs, load capacity, temperature range, and other factors to determine if plastic gears are suitable replacements for metal gears.

China Standard Customized Plastic Mould Machine Components Plastic CZPT Injection Tool gear ratio calculatorChina Standard Customized Plastic Mould Machine Components Plastic CZPT Injection Tool gear ratio calculator
editor by CX 2023-09-25